Ma `lumot

Blenheim Mk Singapurda


Ikkinchi jahon urushidagi Blenxaym otryadlari, Jon Leyk. Bu kitob Bristol Blenxaymning RAF xizmatining butun karyerasini, umidli tezkor bombardimonchi debyutidan, blitskrigning halokatli umidsizligidan tortib, Yaqin Sharq va O'rta er dengizidagi ishiga, bu erda samolyot yangi ijara shartnomasini topishga bag'ishlangan. hayot Leyk shuningdek, Blenxaymni vaqtinchalik qiruvchi samolyot sifatida ishlatilishini va uni qirg'oq qo'mondonligi tomonidan ishlatilishini ko'rib chiqadi.


Cho'l havo kuchlarining ishchi kuchi – The Blenheim Mk. IV

Qirollik havo kuchlarining ko'plab ishqibozlari Bristol Blenxaym uchun yumshoq sport turiga ega va uni juda hurmat qilishadi. Yaxshi nostalji bor, va aytish mumkinki, hatto 1939 yilda urush boshlanganda ham, Blenxaym aslida raqobatbardosh samolyot emas edi. "CRUSADER" operatsiyasi paytida, u faqat AQShning Duglas Boston yoki Martin Baltimor kabi engil/o'rta bombardimonchi samolyotlariga tayanmasdan, engil zarba beruvchi samolyot sifatida foydalanish imkoniyatiga ega edi.

The Fighter Collection Blenheim I Lester urushi va tinchlik ko'rgazmasida, 2015. Rommelsriposte.com to'plami.

Ommabop tasavvurda. Blenheim IV to'plami uchun Airfix Box Art, 1941 yil Bardiya shahridagi 342 -sonli (erkin frantsuz) "Lotaringiya" eskadronining reydini ko'rsatadi.

Dizayn tarixi

Blenxaym (Bristol 142 turi) dastlab 1935 yilda ishlab chiqilgan va o'sha davr uchun juda yaxshi rivojlangan samolyot edi. Bu havo maydonini unga qarshi himoya qiladigan, zamonaviy korpusli, oqilona mudofaa uskunalari va bomba yuklagan jangchilarga qaraganda tezroq edi. 1939 yilga kelib, Fiat BR.20, Martin 167 Merilend va Germaniyaning Dornier 17Z kabi boshqa engil/o'rta bombardimonchi samolyotlari xuddi shunday tezlikda va masofada ko'proq bomba olib yurgan. Bf 109 kabi zamonaviy jangchilar Blengeymdan ancha ustun bo'lgan xizmatga kirishdi.

Blenxaym I -ning kamchiliklarini sezilarli darajada o'zgartirib, diapazonni qo'shib, burunning noto'g'ri tuzilishi bilan shug'ullanishga harakat qilindi. Yangi 149 -toifa Blenxaym IV yoki Bolingbrokka aylanib, 1939 yilda frontning bo'linmalariga etib bordi. Ammo bu asosiy kamchilikni hal qilmadi, ya'ni zaif himoyalangan, sekin yengil bombardimonchi uch ekipaj a'zosiga va 12 egizakli eskadronga xizmat ko'rsatuvchi xodimlarga muhtoj edi. dvigatelli samolyotlar dushman hududiga 48 ta 250 lb bomba tashishga qodir. Shunday bo'lsa -da, boshqa hech narsa yo'q edi, tip askar edi.

Oxirgi variant Blenheim V edi, u Bisley deb ham ataladi, 160 -tur. Deyarli 1000 turdagi 1941 yildan boshlab ishlab chiqarilgan, lekin u endi umuman raqobatbardosh emas edi. 1943 yilda TORCH operatsiyasi paytida jangga kirganlarida, ularni nemis jangchilari o'ldirishgan.

Xususiyatlar

CRUSADER paytida frontda xizmat qiladigan yagona turdagi Blenxaym IV, Misrning eng ilg'or qo'nish joylaridan Derna yoki Beng'oziga hujum qilish uchun etarli darajada 4x250 lb bomba tashishi mumkin edi. Maltada joylashgan Blenheimlar Tripoliga, qirg'oq yo'li, Bingazi va Italiyadan Shimoliy Afrikagacha bo'lgan yuk tashish yo'llarining ko'piga etib borishi mumkin edi. 10 ta samolyotdan iborat oddiy eskadron missiyasi, chunki ikkitasi ishlamay qolishi mumkin edi, shuning uchun nishonga 10 000 lb bomba tashishi mumkin edi.

Bristol Blenxaym Mark IV, V6014 ‘GB-J ’, 105-sonli eskadron RAF otryadi, Luqa, Malta. Tuval qoplamalari kokpit va sirlangan burun qismini quyoshdan himoya qiladi. 1941 yil iyuldan sentyabrgacha 105 eskadron Buyuk Britaniyadan Maltaga ajratilib, O'rta er dengizi va Shimoliy Afrikadagi nishonlarga qarshi harakat qilish uchun 14 ta samolyotni yo'qotdi. Burun ostiga o'zgartirilgan qurol o'rnatilishiga e'tibor bering. IWM CM1357

CRUSADER -da Blenxaym

Blenxaym IVlar CRUSADER operatsiyasi paytida ikki xil ko'rinishga ega edi. Ko'pchilik eskadronlar bombardimonchi versiyasi bilan jihozlangan, 113 -sonli eskadron Blenxaym IVF deb nomlanuvchi qiruvchi versiyasini olgan. Eskadronlar 12 ta samolyotdan iborat bo'lib, cho'lda ishlaydigan Blenxaym eskadronlari 8, 11, 14, 45, 55, 84, 113 (Fighter), 203 (Dengiz hamkorligi) va Erkin frantsuz Lotaringiyasi edi. Eskadron, Malta 18, 107-sonli eskadron va 40-sonli otryadda quruqlikdagi hujum va yuk tashishga qarshi vazifalarni bajarardi. Ulardan ettita bombardimonchi eskadron, shuningdek 113 -sonli qiruvchi eskadroni operativ deb topildi, jami 112 ta Blenxaymlar 1941 yil 16 -noyabrda tayyor deb xabar berishdi [1].

CRUSADER arafasida, Misrda joylashgan Blenheims, Marmarica va Cyrenaica bo'ylab portlar va qo'nish maydonchalari kabi Axis qurilmalariga bomba hujumlarini o'tkazdi. 201 -sonli Blenheimlar (Dengiz hamkorligi) guruhi dengizda kuzatuv o'tkazdi.

Maltada joylashgan Blenheimlar ham band edi, ularga karvonni taqiqlash vazifasi yuklatilgan. Havo floti qo'li, tunda qilichboz torpedo bombardimonchilari bilan konvoylarni urib, mashhur tasavvurni qo'lga kiritgan bo'lsa -da, ko'plab kemalar Blenheimlarning kunduzgi hujumlari qurboni bo'lishdi. Ammo bu yuk tashish ish tashlashlari juda qimmatga tushdi, masalan. 1941 yil 12 sentyabr yoki 11 oktyabr voqealari aniq ko'rsatdi. Bu zarbalarning qimmatligi ularni to'xtatish uchun etarli emas edi, chunki mukofot ham yuqori edi va Londondan bu katta yo'qotishlarni qabul qilish kerakligi haqida ko'rsatma keldi.

Oxir -oqibat, yuk tashish hujumlari muvaffaqiyatli davom etdi, lekin yuqori narxda, 107 -sonli eskadron bir vaqtning o'zida uchish serjanti tomonidan boshqarildi, chunki uning barcha ofitserlari ketgan edi.

Telegram havo shtabi boshlig'i R.A.F. H.Q. Yaqin Sharq, 1941 yil 19 oktyabr. AIR20/2109

Hujum boshlangandan so'ng, Blenxeymlar CRUSADER paytida band edilar, ko'plab eskadronlar kuniga 1-2 marta havo o'tkazadi va Bardiya va Halfayani qamal qilishning oxirgi bosqichida, garnizonlar doimiy ravishda bombardimon qilinayotganda, kulgili band bo'lishadi. Bu Londondan, garnizonlarni artilleriya bilan urish mumkin bo'lganda, hujumning bu miqyosi oqlanganmi, degan savol tug'dirdi.

113-sonli eskadron qiruvchi Blenheims Liviya ichkarisida yashirin qo'nish joyidan ishlagan, chunki uzoq masofali zarba beruvchi samolyotlar, Tripolidan Beng'ozigacha bo'lgan qirg'oq yo'lidagi Axis harakatini buzgan, shuningdek, G'arbiy Kirenaikadagi Axis qo'nish maydonchalariga hujum qilgan.

Tedder va London o'rtasida Blenxaymlarning Bardiyaga haddan tashqari reydlari haqida Telegramma almashish. Havo 20/2109

Telegram, Tedder Havo vazirligiga, 1941 yil 1 -dekabr, Bristolning engil bombardimonchi konstruktsiyalari haqidagi fikriga aniqlik kiritilmagan. AIR20/2109

CRUSADER ko'p jihatdan Axen kuchlariga qarshi kurashda Blengeymning oqqush qo'shig'i edi. Borgan sari AQShning eng yaxshi samolyotlari paydo bo'la boshladi va eskadronlar ularga aylangach, Tedderdan Londonning havo vazirligiga yuborilgan telegrammada aytilganidek, orqaga yo'l yo'q edi. Bu Duglas Bostonsni AQSh ishlab chiqarishidan sovet frontigacha yo'qotishdan xavotirni aniq ko'rsatdi va ekipajni AQShning zamonaviy modellaridan Blenxaymga qaytishiga ruhiy ta'sir ko'rsatishi mumkin. IV yoki V (Bisli). Shu bilan birga, engil bombardimonchilarning davom etayotgan roli tan olindi, biroq ular yanada qobiliyatli turlar tomonidan amalga oshirilishi kutilgan edi. G'arbiy cho'l uchun bu AQSh turlarini anglatardi, chunki Mosquitos, Maltadagi ba'zi foto-razvedka samolyotlaridan tashqari, Yaqin Sharqqa chiqmagan. Shunga qaramay, 1942 yil yanvarda Maltadan Buyuk Britaniyaga olib ketilgan 107 -sonli eskadronlar u erdagi turga aylantirildi.

1942 yil yanvarga kelib, Tedderning qarorini tasdiqlagan holda, Yaqin Sharqdagi qolgan Blenxaym eskadronlari Uzoq Sharqqa yuborildi, u erda ular boshqa teatrlarda boshqa vaqt xizmat qilishdi, lekin Yaponiyaning yuqori mahoratli jangchilariga qarshi teng azob chekishdi. Eng yangi yapon jangchilarining ishini kam baholab, eskirgan samolyotlarni Uzoq Sharqqa topshirish siyosati ekipajlar uchun halokatli oqibatlarga olib kelishi mumkin edi. Matilda II yoki AQShda ishlab chiqarilgan M3 Styuart va Grant tanklari kabi eskirgan tanklardan farqli o'laroq, Uzoq Sharqda eskirgan samolyotlar uchun ikkinchi hayot yo'q edi.

Cho'lda, 1942 yil boshiga qadar, aniq almashtirishlar AQShda ishlab chiqarilgan Duglas Bostons va Martin Baltimor shaklida paydo bo'ldi. Shu bilan birga, hayratlanarli o'zgarish yuz berdi. Texnologik o'zgarish o'zini his qildi va 1942 yildagi havo/quruqlik urushi 1941 yildagidan farq qiladi.

Jangchi bombardimonchining yuksalishi

Yengil bombardimonchilar zarbalari evolyutsiyasida juda muhim nuqta-1930-yillarning oxiridan boshlab yaxshi ishlaydigan dvigatellarni ishga tushirish orqali qo'sh dvigatelli bitta dvigatelli samolyotlarga o'tish. Bu men Jastin Bronkdan qarzdorman.

The Luftvaffe 1940 yilda Bf109E qiruvchi samolyotlarini Britaniya jangi paytida korpus ostida tashilgan bitta bomba bilan jihozlash orqali qiruvchi bombardimonchilar bilan juda muvaffaqiyatli tajriba o'tkazdi. U hech qachon orqaga qaramadi, lekin bir necha dvigatelli jangchilarni ishlab chiqarish uchun bir necha yil kerak bo'ldi, bu vazifani bajarish uchun. Angliya bilan tanishish muvaffaqiyat va muvaffaqiyatsizliklar bo'roni edi, lekin umuman olganda, dastlabki muvaffaqiyatlar 3. Errorbungsgruppe 210, bitta dvigatelli qiruvchi bombardimonchi kontseptsiyasini tasdiqlash.

1941 yilga kelib, R.A.F. qanotlari ostida qattiq bo'g'inlari bo'lgan Xurribomberni, 8x40 lb hajmli bomba tashishga imkon beradigan Hurribomberni taqdim etish bilan bir xil yondashuv bilan tajriba o'tkazdi. Bu Hurribombers bilan sahroda jihozlangan birinchi to'liq eskadron 80 -sonli eskadron edi va u noyabr oyida CRUSADER boshlanishi bilan o'z faoliyatini boshladi. Eskadron qiruvchi bombardimonchi salohiyatini ko'rsatdi, lekin bo'ron to'g'ri samolyot emas edi, uning kuchi va natijada tashqi o'q -dorilar yuklanganida ishlash yo'q edi.

1941 yil oxiriga kelib, O'rta er dengizi teatriga yangi turdagi qiruvchi, Curtiss P-40 Kittyhawk, Curtiss P-40 samolyotining ba'zi bir modifikatsiyalari bilan kelgan. Hech qachon birinchi darajali havo ustunligi bo'lmaganda balandlikda yaxshi harakat qila olmagani uchun, Kittyhawk yuqori malakali qiruvchi bombardimonchi sifatida boshqa rollarda xizmat qilish uchun mustahkamlikka ega edi. Kittyhawk Mkni olgan birinchi eskadronlardan biri. Ia, 3 -sonli eskadron R.A.A.F. 1942 yil 7 aprelda qiruvchi-bombardimonchi eskadron sifatida o'qishga buyurildi.

Deyarli boshidan Kittyhawk engil zarba berish kuchiga yangi qobiliyat berdi, u 500 lb bomba tashishga qodir edi, bu yukni Blenxaym ham, Merilend ham ko'tarolmaydi. Shu bilan bir qatorda, asosiy korpus ostida 2x250 lb bomba olib yurgan. Qanotlar ostida 40 lb bomba, masalan, Hurribomberda ishlatilgan qattiq nuqtalar ham berilgan, ammo ular ishlatilmayapti. Cho'lda, mashinalar va erkaklar dispersiya bilan shug'ullanganida, engilroq bomba og'irliklari hujum potentsialini sezilarli darajada cheklab qo'ydi.

1942 yil avgustga kelib, AQShda ishlab chiqarilgan 500 lblik yangi bomba muntazam ravishda nishonga olindi va bir yildan so'ng Kittyhawkning so'nggi yangilanishi Mk. III, shuningdek, Warhawk deb nomlangan, o'z imkoniyatlarini sezilarli darajada oshirgan va 6x250 lbgacha bomba tashishi mumkin edi, ya'ni Blenxaym Mk -dan 50% ko'proq. IV qanot ostidagi qattiq nuqtalardan foydalanib, ko'tarishi mumkin edi.

Bu shuni anglatadiki, uchuvchi xodimlarning yarmidan kamini ish bilan ta'minlaydigan va 12 ta Blenheim eskadroniga qaraganda dvigatelning 1/3 qismiga kam texnik xizmat ko'rsatishni talab qiladigan 16 jangchidan iborat eskadron endi bitta zarbada 24000 lb o'q -dorilar etkazib berishi mumkin edi. Blenxaym eskadroni etkazib bera oladigan 12000 funtga nisbatan. Bundan tashqari, u sho'ng'in bombardimon usullarini qo'llagan holda buni tezroq va aniqroq bajarishi mumkin edi va u o'zini himoya qilish va/yoki portlashdan keyin keyingi hujumlarni uyushtirish qobiliyatiga ega edi.

Bu tezkor qiruvchi bombardimonchilarning ko'p sonini tezda yig'a olish qudrati 1943 yil aprel oyining oxirida qiruvchi italyan karvoniga hujum qilib, qiruvchi halokatga uchraganida ajoyib tarzda namoyon bo'ldi. Lampo. U USAAF 79-qiruvchi guruhining P-40 Warhawk qiruvchi bombardimonchilari tomonidan hujumga uchradi, 86, 87 va 316-chi qiruvchi eskadronlari Tunis suvlarida cho'kib ketishdi. Regia Aeronautica qiruvchi samolyotlar shunchaki hujumchilar sonidan to'lib ketdi.

Biroq, bu "na/na" taklifi emas edi va ikkalasi ham R.A.F. va AQShA.A.F. AQShda ishlab chiqarilgan B-25 Mitchell va B-26 Marauder, shuningdek Britaniyaning De Havilland Mosquito kabi ko'p sonli engil/o'rta bombardimonchi samolyotlarini boshqarishda davom etdi va yaxshi natijalarga erishdi.

G'arbiy cho'l, Liviya. 1942 yil 1-iyun. Amerikaning Curtiss P-40 Kittyhawk bombardimonchi samolyoti, bu cho'l operatsiyalarida juda muvaffaqiyatli. Dushman tezligida sho'ng'iydi va bu samolyot o'z bombalarini past darajada chiqaradi va yana jangchi sifatidagi rolini tiklash uchun yana tez ko'tariladi. Kittyhawk bombardimonchilari allaqachon dushmanlarning yuzlab mashinalarini nokaut qilgan yoki jiddiy shikastlagan. 112-sonli Squadron RAF kodli GA-F kodli bu samolyot, akulaning jag'lari va tishlariga o'xshab, korpusga bo'yalgan tishlarini ko'rsatib, aerodromda joylashgan. AWM MED0445

450 Squadron RAAF P40 Kittyhawk samolyotining old ko'rinishi. Samolyot olti dona 250 lb bomba tashiyapti. AWM P03372.011


O'yin o'ynash

Blenheim Mk.IF uchun haqiqatan ham foydali rolni topish qiyin, chunki u barcha muhim jihatlarda juda zaif.

  • Bu juda katta, ya'ni uni uzoq masofadan ham ko'rish va osongina urish mumkin. Burilish paytida u keng va himoyasiz reja shaklini ko'rsatadi.
  • U kuchsiz va shuning uchun sekin, ya'ni u Ju 52dan boshqa dushman samolyotlarini ortda qoldirolmaydi va uning tezlashuvi ham ishonchni uyg'otmaydi.
  • Uning kuchi past bo'lganligi sababli, u past ko'tarilish tezligiga ega va hech qanday yordamsiz tezlikda to'xtab qolmasdan uzoq davom etadigan manevralarni davom ettira olmaydi. Bu vertikalda (ko'tarilish), toqqa chiqish musobaqalarida yoki halqa yoki kub-8 kabi oddiy aerobatika uchun kurashishga mutlaqo yaroqsiz.
  • U uzoq sho'ng'inni yaxshi ushlab turolmaydi, boshqaruvning qattiqligidan aziyat chekadi, shuning uchun uchuvchi gaz kelebeğinden orqaga chekinmasa va trimdan keng foydalanmasa, uni deyarli boshqarib bo'lmaydi.
  • U hajmi va vazni bo'yicha unchalik yaxshi aylanmaydi, garchi u birdaniga siljishni muvaffaqiyatli bajarsa ham.
  • U to'xtash tezligi yaqinidagi juda tor tezlik oralig'idan tashqari juda yaxshi burilmaydi. Bu cheklangan burilish qobiliyati uning yagona qutqaruvchi inoyatidir. Biroq, siz tayanch bosimini yumshatib yoki tezlikni almashtirish orqali yangi energiyani to'plashingiz kerak bo'lgunga qadar, siz cheklangan vaqtga qattiq burilishingiz mumkin, chunki agar Mk IF kvartirada uzoq vaqt ushlab turilsa, tezda kuchsizlanib qoladi. burilish Qaytish radiusini jangovar flaplar yordamida biroz yaxshilash mumkin, garchi energiya narxi qimmat bo'lsa.
  • Uning bomba yuki Ikkinchi Jahon Urushi: BE samolyotlarining eng kuchsizi va faqat qurollanmagan nishonlarga yaxshi javob beradi: patrul qayiqlari, piyoda askarlar, yuk mashinalari, qurollar va tepalikdagi transport vositalari.

Mk IFda jang qilishni rejalashtirayotganda, siz o'z vazifangizning mohiyatini va do'stona kuchlarning passiv yoki faol yordamiga qanchalik ishonishingiz kerakligini aniq tushunishingiz kerak. Mk IF - bu juda qiyin bo'lgan havo kemasi, chunki u eng zo'r, eng jasur yoki eng bilmaydigan uchuvchilar uning ichida uchishga moyil. Muvaffaqiyatli uchuvchi -uchuvchi uchun Blenheim Mk IF o'zining mohir uchuvchiligi tufayli chiroyli oqqushga aylanishi mumkin bo'lgan chirkin o'rdakni ifodalaydi. Chunki hech qachon ishlab chiqilmagan eng achinarli samolyotga chiqish va g'olib holda buzilmasdan qaytishdek mukofotli narsa yo'q. Biroq, yangi boshlanuvchilar Mk IF -dan uzoqroq turishlari kerak, agar mutaxassis tomonidan dorsal minorada havo hujumchisi sifatida xizmat qilish taklif qilinmasa, bu bir vaqtning o'zida unvon va tajribaga ega bo'lishning ajoyib usuli.

Jangchi-bombardimonchi rolida, Mk IF, agar uni dushman AA mudofaasi to'g'ri o'rnatilgunga qadar harakatga keltirsa yoki ularning e'tiborini jalb qilishga yordam beradigan do'st jangchilar bo'lsa, biroz samaralidir. Aniq joylashtirilgan 40 lblik bomba har qanday qurol yoki yuk mashinasini olib qo'yadi va to'rtta qorinli to'pponcha kesish uchun juda mos keladi. Do'stona jangchilar yoki boshqa Blenheimslar bilan birgalikda ish olib borgan holda, Mk IF dushmanlarning chiqish nuqtasini cheklangan vaqtga, ya'ni o'q -dorilar tugaguncha yoki dushman havo kuchlari kelguncha yopib qo'yishi mumkin.

Agar Mk IF havo ustunligi noaniq bo'lgan va dushman AA borligi aniqlanadigan hududga olib kelingan bo'lsa, u juda pastdan yoki o'rta balandlikdan tez kutilmagan hujumlar uchun ishlatiladi - ichkariga kiring, tashqariga chiqing va tomosha qilishni kechiktirmang. sizning hujumingizning ta'siri.

Mk IFda dushman bilan qoplangan havo hududida uzoq vaqt qolish tavsiya etilmaydi. Chunki uning ko'rinadigan ko'rinishi jangchilarni chivinlar kabi asalga tortadi va past tezlik va manevrlik qobiliyati tufayli u jangchi va jangchi jangida juda zaif. Uning yagona imkoniyati - ustunlik va balandlikdan kutilmagan hujumlar. Agar siz uni shunday balandlikka ko'tarishga, ayyorlik va bashorat bilan manevr qilishga sabr-toqatli bo'lsangiz, butunlay o'chib ketishdan oldin, bitta yuqori tezlikda hujum qilishingiz mumkin. Agar siz Mk IF -ni havodan ustunlik rolida ishlatmoqchi bo'lsangiz, bombalaringizni erta qutqaring, chunki ular keraksiz tortish va og'irlikni ko'paytiradi.

Umuman olganda, bu samolyotda muqarrar bo'lgan jangda, Mk IF Bf 110 ga nisbatan ancha samarali bo'lishi mumkin, agar u to'xtash tezligi yaqinida gorizontal burilish jangini o'tkazsa. Mk IF Bf 110 ga o'girilishi mumkin, lekin unga tezlik, ko'tarilish yoki aylanish tezligi mos kelmaydi. Bu Bf 109-E ga o'xshaydi: agar banditni Mk yaqin va sekin ushlab turish mumkin bo'lsa, IF, banditning o'q otish joyidan oldin o'q otish masofasidan tezroq chiqib ketish imkoniyatiga ega. IF uchuvchi qurollarini olib kelishi mumkin. Og'irligi va tortishish nisbati past bo'lganligi sababli, Mk IF tez-tez janglarda tezlikni almashtirishi kerak, ya'ni yangi energiyani to'plash uchun past yo-yolardan foydalaning. Aqlli uchuvchi radikal vertikal manevralardan (yuqoriga ko'tarilishdan) qochadi, chunki Mk IF faqat vertikalda yaxshi ishlamaydi va teskari holatda aylanib o'tganda, masalan, pastadir yoki zum ko'tarilish tepasida. chegara.

Blenheim Mk IF - bu juda yaxshi samolyot, chunki siz buni amalga oshirsangiz, siz maksimal maqtanish huquqiga ega bo'lasiz va agar siz haqiqatan ham uslub uslubida bayonot bermoqchi bo'lsangiz, jangga uch yoki to'rtta Mk IF kuchini olib keling. o'yin -kulgining qiymatini solishtirishning hojati yo'q, va siz dushmanni bunday tomoshadan hayratda qoldirganingizda, hatto bir nechta oson o'ldirishingiz mumkin.


Blenxaym Mk Singapurda - Tarix

Sana:11-IYUN-1940
Vaqt:05:40
Turi:Bristol Blenxaym Mk
Egasi/operatori:45 qirollik havo kuchlari eskadroni (45 kvadrat metr RAF)
Ro'yxatdan o'tish: L8519
C / n / msn: OB-J
O'limlar:Halok bo'lganlar: 3 / Yo'lovchilar: 3
Boshqa o'limlar:0
Samolyot shikastlanishi: Hisobdan chiqarilgan (tuzatib bo'lmaydigan shikastlangan)
Manzil:Sidi Barrani, Matruh hokimiyati - Misr
Bosqich: Jang
Tabiat:Harbiy
Uchish aeroporti:LG-017, Fuka aerodromi, Sidi Xaneysh, Misr
Sidi Barrani, Matruh hokimliklari, Misr
Hikoya:
Bristol Blenxaym Mk.I L8519 (OB-J) 45 eskadroni, RAF: Liviya ustidan olib borilgan jangovar harakatlardan yo'qolgan (qaytmagan) yozib olingan (yo'q qilingan). Uchala ekipaj ham yo'qolgan deb taxmin qilinmoqda. Rasmiy Havo vazirligi ma'lumotlariga ko'ra (AIR 81/883 fayli): "Blenxaym L8519 avariyasi 1940 yil 11 -iyunda Liviyaning Sidi Barrani shahriga qo'ndi. Serjant MC Turlou, serjant B. Feldman va 1 -toifali samolyot x Robinson: o'lim haqida xabar. "

Yong'in sodir bo'ldi va Liviyaning El -Adem shahridagi reyddan qaytgan Sidi Barrani shahriga quladi. Uchala ekipaj ham "jangda o'ldirilgan" deb e'lon qilingan. 45 jangovar jangda ikkita 45 eskadron Blenxaymidan biri mag'lub bo'ldi. (Ikkinchisi L8476 edi - qarang). Nashr qilingan italyan manbasiga ko'ra (havolani ko'ring. 8)

"Ulardan keyin sakkiz Bristol Blenxaym Mk. 45 eskadroni Fukadan 04:15 da uchib, El Adem aerodromiga hujum qildi (kod T3). Dastlab reyd Tobruk portiga qarshi bo'lishi kerak edi, lekin 211 eskadron samolyotlarini razvedka qilish uning har qanday muhim nishondan mahrum ekanligini ko'rsatdi.

Britaniya tarkibiga sakkizta 45 ta eskadron Blenxaymlar kiradi, ular boshliq Dallamor (Blenxaym Mk.I L8478), uchuvchi Uilyams (L8469), serjant Thorlou (L8519), parvoz leytenanti Troton Smit (L8481), uchuvchi ofitser 23 Gibbs ), Serjant Bauer (L8476), uchuvchi ofitser Rixson (L8524) va uchuvchi ofitser Finch (L8466).

Britaniyalik uchuvchilar El -Ademdan (T3) qaytib kelishdi, ular 05:40 da 40lb, 20lb va 4lb yonuvchi bomba bilan hujum qilganini va keyingi o'tishda old va orqa qurol bilan o'ralganini da'vo qilishdi. Dushman samolyotlari uchmagan bo'lsa -da, erdan mudofaa kuchlari darhol harakatga kelgan. Ular "og'ir emas" deb ta'riflangan va aslida ma'lumki, Cirenaica-ning 35 ta havo bo'linmalarini himoya qilish uchun mojaro boshlanganda, italiyaliklar faqat 17 ta sobiq avstriyalik Schwarzlose 8 mm WW I rusumli qurolga ega edi. standart o'q -dorilar va maksimal masofa 600 metr.

Keyinchalik batafsilroq ma'lumot birinchi hujumning tavsifini boyitdi va xabar berishicha, qaytib kelgan ekipajlar Italiya bazasining barcha ishchi kuchlari paradda yig'ilgan, go'yo qo'mondon marshal Italo Balbo (Italiya qo'mondoni) signalini o'qiyapti. bosh) urush e'lon qilinganligini e'lon qiladi. Blenxeymlar ikkita angarni yoqib yuborishdi, keyin tinchlik davridagi kabi qator -qator bo'lib turgan Italiya samolyotlarini tasma qilishdi va bombardimon qilishdi.

Uchta Blenheym qaytib kela olmadi va yana ikkitasi shikastlandi. Blenheim Mk.I L8519 samolyoti reyd paytida AAA parchalanishidan zarar ko'rdi va Sidi Barraniga qulab tushdi, u yonib ketdi, uning ekipaji serjant Moris Kressvell Turlou (565808 RAF), serjant Bernard Alfred Feldman (RAF. 747967) va 1 -toifali samolyotchi Genri Robinson (RAF 548048)

Blenxaym L8519 ekipaji:
Serjant (kuzatuvchi) Bernard Alfred Feldman, RAFVR 747967, 23 yoshda, jangda halok bo'lgan, 11/06/1940
1 -toifali samolyotchi (Simsiz aloqa/Havochi) Genri Robinson, RAF 548048, yoshi 21, 06/19/1940.
Serjant (uchuvchi) Moris C. Turlou, RAF 565808, 19/06/1940 harakatda o'ldirilgan,

Uch ekipaj halok bo'lganlarning hammasi Iskandariya (Chatbi) harbiy va urush yodgorlik qabristoniga dafn qilindi. Ma'lum qilinishicha, Sidi Barrani - Misrda, O'rta er dengizi yaqinida, Liviya bilan chegaradan 95 km sharqda va Liviyaning Tobruk shahridan 240 km (150 mil) atrofida, taxminan koordinatlarda joylashgan shahar. 36 va#824239 va#8243N 2545 va#824232 va#8243E

QAYD: Ko'pgina xabarlarga ko'ra, BLEN 45 ta uchtadan eskadron bu reyddan qaytolmagan (ikkitasi emas). Uchinchi Blenxaym Mk.I (L8466) maqsadi ustidan dvigateli ishlamay qoldi (ehtimol Italiya olovi bilan urilgan), bir ma'noda rost bo'lsa ham, boshqa dvigatel sharqqa va samolyotga qaytishda 100 mil uzoqlikda ishlamay qoldi. Buq-Buq yaqinida g'ildiraklar bilan majburiy qo'nishni amalga oshirdi. Ekipaj (uchuvchi A. Finch, serjant R. Dodsvort va etakchi samolyotchi Fisher) Britaniya armiyasi tomonidan qutqarildi, samolyot keyinchalik tiklandi va ta'mirlandi. Shunday qilib, u qaytdi. Oxir -oqibat, "Qirolicha Maryam" treylerida!


Blenxaym Mk Singapurda - Tarix

Bristol Blenxaym Mk.1F L8372 29 -sonli RAF Qish 1938-39

Dunyo ahvoli tobora pasayib borayotganligi sababli, 1938 yil sentyabr oyida RAF jangchilarini bo'yoq bilan bo'yash buyurildi. Shu vaqtdan boshlab yuqori yuzalar jigarrang/yashil rangda bo'ladi, pastki yuzalar esa oq chiziq bilan markaziy chiziqda bo'linadi (qora oq pastki g'oyasi samolyotga yordam berish edi. bulutli osmonda). Qolaversa, korpus va qanotlarning yuqori yuzalarida aylanalar qizil/oq rangga o'zgartirildi. YB-L bu o'zgarishlarning barchasini ko'rsatadi va 1938 yil noyabrdan 1939 yil maygacha bo'lgan vaqtga to'g'ri keladi.

Bristol Blenxaym Mk.II BL-155 Finlyandiya havo kuchlari Bahor-yoz 1944 yil

Blenxaym RAF xizmatiga kirishi bilan Bristol dizaynni boshqa davlatlarga eksport qilmoqchi edi. Birinchisi Finlyandiya edi. 1938 yil davomida Finlyandiya o'n ikkita Mk.Is etkazib berishni oldi, so'ngra o'z litsenziyasini olish huquqini oldi. Finlyandiyada ishlab chiqarilgan Blenheimlar Britaniyada ishlab chiqarilgan o'tmishdoshlaridan farq qilar edilar, har xil qanotlarda 7,7 mm qurolga ega bo'lgan (port qanotidagi bittadan farqli o'laroq) turli xil bombalarni joylashtirish uchun dumaloq bomba bo'lagi bor edi. ichki tuzilish o'zgarishi tufayli. Robert Karr bilan suhbatlar meni Finlyandiyada ishlab chiqarilgan samolyotlar Mk.II. Ilgari, Mk.II inglizlar tomonidan qurilgan yagona misol deb hisoblanar edi, lekin Robert Bristol hujjatini eslatib o'tdi, u Fin misollarini Mk.IIs deb atadi. . . Menimcha, ular litsenziyali samolyotlar.

BL-155-Finlyandiya davlat samolyotlarini ishlab chiqaradigan zavodning odatdagi Blenxaymi va uni 1944 yilning bahorining oxiri-yozning boshlarida ko'rish mumkin. Finish zaytun yashil va qora-yashil yuqori yuzalarida va RLM 65 ochiq ko'k pastki qismida (Finlar Dornierni sotib olganda) Do17, ular nemis bo'yoqlari zaxiralarini ham sotib olishdi). Serial qora. . Qora o'tadigan joydan tashqari, u erda yashil bo'ladi. Sariq teatr belgilari ham olib boriladi.

Bristol Blenxaym Mk.I Turkiya havo kuchlari 1938

Blenxaymni sotib olgan yana bir mamlakat Turkiya edi. 30 ta turk mk.lari yashil yuqori va och ko'k rangli pastki yuzalarda ishlangan.

Blenxaym Mk. IV V6028, W/Cdr 'Hughie' Edwards tomonidan 105 Sqn RAF tomonidan boshqariladi. Edvards 1941 yil 4 -iyulda Bremenga qilingan reyd uchun Viktoriya Xoch mukofoti bilan taqdirlandi. To'q rangli er/quyuq yashil rangdagi standart RAF ranglarida tugatilgan.

Noma'lum Blenxaym Mk. 1942 yil fevral oyida G'arbiy Cho'l hududida harakat qilayotgan Erkin Frantsiya Harbiy havo kuchlarining IV. Qorong'i tuproqda/quyuq tiniq rangda, pastki yuzalarida ko'rsatilgan.


Blenheim Mk I: WOP/AG o'rindig'i

Uchinchi amakivachcham - uchuvchi ofitser Artur Charlz Gear, DFC, Blenxaym Mk 211 eskadroniga ega simsiz aloqa operatori/havo hujumchisi. Men uning karerasi haqida qisqacha maqola yozmoqdaman. 1941 yil 13 aprelda Pasxa yakshanba kuni uyushtirilgan hujumda vafot etdi. U Blenxaymning Gretsiyaning shimolidagi Monastir Gapida nemis qo'shinlari hujumida edi. Hamma oltita Bf 109 tomonidan vayron qilingan va o'n sakkiz ekipajdan faqat ikkitasi tirik qolgan.
Mening savolim, WOP/AG aslida qaerda o'tirgan. Mayk Badrok tomonidan kesilgan yo'lda:
https://sobchak.wordpress.com/tag/cutaways/
qurolchining o'rni ko'rsatilgan, lekin u radioga kirish uchun uni egallab olganmi (balki aylantirilganmi?)? Yoki uning WOP vazifalari uchun boshqa o'rindig'i bormi? Haqiqatan ham, radio qaerda edi va u qanday uskunalar bilan jihozlangan bo'lishi kerak?
Bundan tashqari, aynan shu yo'lda minorasi 303 ta Brauning bilan jihozlangan. Ammo Vikipediyada Mark Ida bu 303 Vickers bo'lganligi aytilgan.
Agar yordam bera olsangiz, rahmat.

Menimcha, sizning qarindoshingizning WOP/AG unvoni boshqa samolyotlarga tegishli bo'lishi mumkin, chunki radio qurilmasi navigator yonida bo'lganmi? Minora birinchi Vickers o'rnini bosuvchi .303 Braunin bilan ishlaydi. Ko'rinib turibdiki, minora bilan aylanish uchun quvurli ramka o'rnatilgan va qadimgi xotiralardan oyoq tagida o'rindiq ko'tarilgan, menimcha, Lankasterning yuqori qismi ham xuddi shunday tartibga ega edi. Chizilgan rasmga ko'ra, qurolchi o'rnidan turdi deb o'ylashingiz mumkin, lekin Blenxaym frontal maydonni qisqartirish va tezlikni oshirish uchun juda tiqilib qolgan edi.

Ko'p yillar oldin, mening sobiq armiyadagi qarindoshim Jim klub tarixi kitobchasini tuzayotgan edi va sobiq RAF-navigatorining xotiralarini tekshirishni so'radi. U hech qachon bu haqda gapirib bermagan va Jimga bu eski xotiralarni uyg'otganini aytgan, u o'zini bezovta qiladigan, ammo kataratik deb atagan. U bir necha haftadan so'ng vafot etdi.

Uning hikoyasi esimda, Blenxaym eskadronidan qolgan ikkita samolyot bosqinchi nemislarga hujum qilmoqchi edi, lekin bu kuchlar qayerda ekanligini hech kim bilmas edi. U so'nggi ma'lumotlarni olishga harakat qildi, lekin radio "odatdagidek ishlamadi". Navigatorning orqasida oynadan qaragan ikkinchi avtomat bor edi. U dahshatli halokat yuz berganda va port dvigateli yonib ketganda, sancak taxtasi yonib ketganda, o'zini qanday qilib "bu bechora qurilma" bilan urishi mumkinligi qiziqtirardi. Ularga Me109lar hujum qilishdi.

Uchuvchi yukni yig'ishga buyruq berdi, u va qurolchi tomning lyuklari orqali qochib ketishdi. Navigator dastani tortdi va uning o'rindig'i, stoli va "bechora avtomat" hammasi erdagi teshikdan qulab tushdi. Uchala ekipaj ham yengil jarohatlar bilan qo'ndi va yunon kommunistlari tomonidan panoh topdilar, lekin bir necha kundan keyin hukumat tarafdorlari xiyonat qilishdi va urushning qolgan qismini asirlikda o'tkazdilar. U urushga ketgan 58 o'rtog'idan tirik qolgan etti kishidan biri edi. Umid qilamanki, bu yordam beradi, afsuski, men boshqa eslay olmayman.


To'plam qutisi

A'lo darajadagi tafsilotlar va aniqlik Airfix ’ -ning so'nggi nashrlarini, ayniqsa ularning 1:48 to'plamidagi nashrlarini ko'rsatadi. Siz bu yangilanishni o'qiyotganingizda, ularning yangi Blenxaymi, albatta, hech qanday farq qilmaydi …

Aytish mumkinki, urushlar davridagi eng muhim samolyotlardan biri bo'lgan Bristol Blenxaym o'z nasl-nasabini xususiy moliyalashtiriladigan korxona va Buyuk Britaniyani aviatsiya olamining boshiga qo'yish qaroridan izlay oladi. Daily Mail gazetasining egasi va aviatsiya sahnasini kuzatuvchi Lord Rothermere chet ellik ishlab chiqaruvchilar erishgan ketma -ket aviatsiya rekordlaridan hafsalasi pir bo'lib, Buyuk Britaniyaning etakchi samolyot ishlab chiqaruvchilarini vaziyat bo'yicha biror narsa qilishga taklif qildi. Britaniyaning fuqarolik samolyotlari tezligi bo'yicha jahon rekordini qo'lga kiritishga qaror qilib, u bu muvaffaqiyatga erisha oladigan samolyotni ishlab chiqarishni moliyalashtirishni taklif qildi, natijada Bristol 142 tipli havoga ko'tarildi. Bu zamonaviy, egizak dvigatelli konstruktsiya juda chiroyli ko'rinardi va havoda juda tez uchar edi, bu esa oddiy yo'lovchi samolyotining tezligi bo'yicha yangi jahon rekordini qo'lga kiritdi. Yangi Bristol dizayni soatiga 307 mil tezlikda, Lord Rothermerega umid qilgan narsasini berdi va u "Britaniyaning birinchi" ajoyib samolyotini suvga cho'mdirdi.
Ikkinchi Jahon Urushi boshlanishida Qirollik Harbiy Havo Kuchlari bilan birgalikda xizmat qilgan Bristol Blenxaym va uning jasur ekipajlari keyingi oylarda og'ir yukni o'z zimmalariga olishlari so'ralar edi, Blenxaym Britaniyaning urushning birinchi turini urushdan 63 daqiqa o'tib o'rnatdi. Germaniyaga qarshi e'lon qilindi. Lord Rothermere o'zining "Bristol 142 tipli fuqarolik transporti" va "Blenxaym" uchun ilhom bag'ishlagan "Britaniyaning birinchi" nomi bilan yashab, Buyuk Britaniyaning bu ikkinchi global mojaroda g'olib bo'lish irodasi va irodasini namoyish etish uchun jangga kirdi. Shunisi e'tiborga loyiqki, 1930-yillarda aviatsiya rivojlanish sur'atlari o'sishda davom etdi va Blenxaym birinchi marta RAF xizmatiga kirganida samolyotlarning konstruktiv dizayni bo'lgan bo'lsa-da, u tezda yangi monoplanli qiruvchi samolyotlardan ajralib chiqdi. Nisbatan yengil mudofaa qurollari bilan va jangovar asbob -uskunalar bilan og'irlashtirilganda, Blenxaymning jasur ekipajlari Luftvafning qo'lidan, ayniqsa Ikkinchi Jahon Urushining birinchi oylarida dahshatli yo'qotishlarga duch kelishardi. (Airfix)

In Miniature
Though overshadowed by the more glamorous fighters, the Blenheim is an important part of the history of the RAF and thus its inclusion within Airfix’ 1:48 range is more than welcome. Though we have already seen both the Mk.I and Mk.IV variants appearing within their 1:72 collection, seeing it in this larger scale with the heightened levels of detail that 1:48 can offer, is as pleasing as it is impressive, now that the kit is finally to hand.
Comprising 216 finely-moulded plastic parts, this new kit replicates the blunt-nosed Mk.1F heavy fighter, with its underfuselage machine gun palette and single-gun upper turret. Decals are supplied for two different aircraft, one in standard night colours of Dark Earth, Dark Green and black and the second in overall matt black. The choices are as follows:

  • Bristol Blenheim Mk.1F – No. 23 Squadron, Royal Air Force Wittering, Cambridgeshire, England, February 1940 (this scheme is currently applied to G-BPIV flying with the Aircraft Restoration Company, Duxford)
  • Bristol Blenheim Mk.1F – No. 54 Operational Training Unit, Royal Air Force Church Fenton, North Yorkshire, England, December 1940.

From the moment you open the kit’s box, you become aware that Airfix have taken considerable trouble to create as detailed a replica as possible. From the superbly appointed cockpit, through the complex undercarriage and on to the two complete engines and their delicate cowlings, you know that from the box this will be a superb replica of this important aircraft add detail and it will be a show-stopper.
First stop on the journey is the cockpit. Detail within this part of the model is superb and I can see very little that could, or should be added, other than seat straps. Of course with all of that glazing to peer through everything will be on show, so careful construction and painting will almost be mandatory if the illusion of realism is to be maintained. Though the kit offers raised details throughout, the instruments are further embellished with decal faces which is a nice touch. Though a single pilot figure is included, there is no gunner which is more than understandable given the difficulty that that would pose trying to either squeeze him around the detail in the turret, or design him to part of it from the ground up. Detail within the turret incidentally is every bit as fine as the cockpit and thanks to the ultra-clear glazing, is all on show.


Moving on, the undercarriage and wings are our next stop. Options here too, with raised or lowered gear legs the former being used in conjunction with the pilot figure and a separately available display stand. The undercarriage units are once again very impressive and though comprising a large number of delicately moulded parts, appear to be easy to assembly to create a faithful recreation of the Blenheim’s legs and wheels. One thing worth pointing out here is that the gear will need too be painted and assembled before they are mounted within the wings, so that will demand a degree of head-scratching and forward planning when it comes to final painting and masking. Forewarned…

“In combination all of these features helps to not only create a wonderfully realistic surface finish, but also illustrates the lengths that Airfix are going to, to push the boundaries and the quality of the kits that they manufacture.”

With the undercarriage and cockpit dealt with the airframe comes together quickly, familiar fuselage and wing halves being used to create the type’s distinctive shape. As with many kits from this stable, the wings, tail and tailplanes are embellished with separate control surfaces that allow a degree of flexibility when it comes to final set-up and display. Add to that the chance to drop the flaps and open up the cowlings and cockpit, and the possibilities available from this kit are plain to see.
Across the board the surface detail is as fine and delicate as I have yet seen from Airfix. Incised panel lines hold hands with both incised and raised rivets, the latter only apparent as you run your fingers over the surface of the plastic. Similarly, the fabric flying surfaces are sensational being more than a match for the heights that Airfix reached with the geodetic structure in their recently released Wellington. In combination all of these features helps to not only create a wonderfully realistic surface finish, but also illustrates the lengths that Airfix are going to, to push the boundaries and the quality of the kits that they manufacture.
The final major areas of interest are the engines. Airfix has once again taken the time to model these as completely as possible, the depiction of the aircraft Bristol Mercury powerplants being superb and the perfect basis for superdetailed replicas that can be displayed with the cowlings open. Once again, assembly looks to be straightforward and though you need to carry out the work twice, a fun part of the model that will repay your time with two of the best engines yet seen in this scale from this brand.
The remainder of the build deals with the smaller features, underfuselage gun pack, undercarriage doors and then finally, the glazing. The clear parts in this kit are wonderfully realised, but they will take some care to assemble cleanly. With the main glazing being split vertically, I can see much gnashing of teeth, the need to paint the glazing and apply and adhesive carefully being of paramount importance. I’m assuming here that the fit will be almost perfect, but even so, inert adhesives such as PVA may well be the most sensible route to take to ensure that nothing is damaged during this most critical of assembly stages…

FINAL VERDICT
This is a very fine kit, simple as that. When announced and the CAD files started to roll in, the prospect of a highly-detailed replica became more than apparent now that we have kit to hand, that promise has been fully realised. Modellers will find that this is an engrossing project that will result in a stunning replica of this important aircraft — just how stunning, will be seen in a future issue of Model Airplane International.
Thanks to Airfix for the review sample looked at in this feature.


Blenheim

The sunny town of Blenheim is an ideal base for those who want to explore the local wine and food culture. Bike around the vineyards or catch a tour.

Blenheim, Marlborough

Blenheim, Marlborough

Winery, Marlborough

Blenheim, Marlborough

Blenheim is situated in the heart of wine-growing Marlborough. It is one of the sunniest towns in New Zealand, with an estimated average of 2,438 hours of sunshine a year. Mountains frame the area and trap the summer heat (temperatures over 30°C are quite normal in February and March).

In and around Blenheim you’ll find an array of cafes, restaurants, wineries, bars, shops, artisan food outlets and golf courses along with popular walkways along the Taylor River Reserve.

The Marlborough Farmers market is a must-do buy direct from local growers and producers in a lovely market setting at New Zealand’s original Farmers’ Market.

A short drive or bike ride will take you to the world-class Omaka Aviation Heritage centre (opens in new window) , where World War I history comes to life thanks to the talents of the team behind Uzuklar hukmdori. Discover the world-renowned WWI and WWII exhibit at Omaka Aviation Heritage Centre where aircrafts are bought to life in a theatrical manner featuring Peter Jackson’s own rare collection of historical aircraft and memorabilia.

There are more than 30 wineries within driving distance of the town, and most of them welcome visitors for sampling sessions and cellar door sales. Character accommodation is a Blenheim speciality.


Blenheim GB 21 Sqn

The Bristol Blenheim was conceived as a high speed passenger aircraft, but became a light bomber and entered service with the RAF in 1937. It was very successful and several countries bought and operated it.

By the start of WW2 it was considered obeselete, but lacking a replacement, many squadrons continued to fly the Blenheim, and heavy losses were suffered, especially in the Battle of Britain.

The Blenheim was converted into a fighter, night fighter and ground attack aircraft. It was armed with 2 x 7.7mm machine guns, and could also carry 1200lb of bombs.

This example is a Blenheim Mk I of 21 Squadron RAF 1939.

also need to change sqd markings -
should be JP not UP
UP = 605 RAuxAF Sqd

Some Blenheims that operated with 21 RAF sqd include -

L8732 - Marked S operated with Sqd from 11 Sept 1939 through to 17 June 1940.

L8734 - Unknown markings operated with Sqd 11 Sept 1939 through to 25 May 1940 - FTR from Ops.

L8735 Marked as C operated with the Sqd from 16 Sept 1939 through to May 1940 - FTR from Ops.

L8737 Marked as F operated with Sqd from 16 Sept 1939 through to 11 Nov 1940 - SOC due to 'battle damage'.

L8738 unknown Markings Operated with Sqd from 16 Sept 1939 through to 14 May 1940 - FTR from Ops.

L8739 Unknown Markings Operated with Sqd from 17 Sept 1939 through to 12 May 1940 - FTR from Ops.

L8742 Unknown Markings Operated with Sqd from 17 Sept 1939 through to 31 May 1940 - FTR from Ops.

L8743 Unknown Markings Operated with Sqd from 17 Sept 1939 through to 11 June 1940 - FTR from Ops.

L8744 Unknown Markings Operated with Sqd from 17 Sept 1939 through to 28 May 1940 - FTR from Ops.

L8745 Unkown Markings Operated with Sqd from 17 Sept 1939 through to 1 Nov 1940.

L8746 Unknown Markings Operated with Sqd from 22 Sept 1939 through to 11 June 1940 - FTR from Ops.

L8758 Marked as B Operated with Sqd from 6 Nov 1939 through to 3 May 1941 - FTR from Ops.

L8872 Marked as X Operated with Sqd from 1 April 1940 through to 9 July 1940 - FTR from Ops.

L9023 Unknown Markings Operated with Sqd from 11 Jan 1940 through to 8 June 1940 - FTR from Ops.

L9029 Marked as H Operated with Sqd from 24 Feb 1940 through to 16 Sept 1941.

L9269 Unknown Markings Operated with Sqd from 11 April 1940 through to 13 June 1940 - FTR from Ops.

N3618 Unknown Markings Operated with Sqd from 14 June 1940 through to 4 March 1941.

N3619 Marked as K Operated with Sqd from 14 June 1940 through to 19 July 1940 - FTR from Ops.

P6886 Unknown Markings Operated with Sqd from 16 Oct 1939 through to 29 May 1940 - SOC due to 'Battle Damage'.

P6890 Unknown Markings Operated with Sqd from 16 Oct 1939 through to 27 May 1940 SOC

P6954 Unknown Markings Operated with Sqd from 18 Jan 1941 through to 28 Jul 1941 SOC due to 'Battle Damage'.

R3674 Unknown Markings Operated with Sqd from 27 May 1940 though to 11 June 1940 - SOC due to 'Battle Damage'.

R3675 Marked as A Operated with Sqd from 27 May 1940 through to 14 Aug 1941.

R3676 Unknown Markings Operated with Sqd from 31 May 1940 through to 12 June 1940 - SOC due to 'Battle Damage'.

R3687 Marked as N Operated with Sqd From 2 June 1940 through to 16 Nov 1940 - crashed and burnt out.

R3742 Unknown Markings Operated with Sqd from 8 June 1940 through to 14 June 1940 (LESS THEN 7 DAYS!!) - FTR from Ops.

R3760 Marked as R Operated with Sqd from 13 June 1940 through to 8 Nov 1940.

R3820 Marked as J Operated with Sqd from 9 June 1940 through to 23 July 1940 - SOC due to 'Battle Damage'.

R3872 Unknown Markings Operated with Sqd from 13 June 1940 through to 29 July 1940.

R3875 Unknown Markings Operated with Sqd from 13 June 1940 through to 19 Aug 1941.

R3876 Marked as Q Operated with Sqd from 13 June 1940 through to 9 July 1940 - FTR from Ops.

R3900 Marked as G Operated with Sqd from 14 June 1940 through to 31 March 1941 - FTR from Ops.

21 RAF Sqd had their Pre War Blenheims Marked as JP after Sept 1939 they were marked as YH.

Add Op Details for Sqd Blenheim Period Only -

Entered 2 RAF Group RAF Bomber Command on 1 Aug 1936 based at RAF Abbotsinch and left 2 Group on 6 Oct 1936.

Mobilised as part of 2 Group 27 Sept 1938 based at RAF Eastchurch - after Munich left Group once more.

Rejoined Group 1 Jan 1939 at RAF Eastchurch and moved to RAF Watton on 2 March 1939.
Scattered as per SOP RAF Orders around RAF Sealand area on 3 Sept 1939.

Sent to RAF Netheravon 18 Sept 1939 and RAF Bassingbourn on 19 Sept 1939, then recalled and reassembled at RAF Watton on 25 Sept 1939.
Dispersed to RAF Bassingbourn on 30 Sept 1939 and returned to RAF Watton on 2 Oct 1939.
Dispersed again to RAF Bassigbourn on 18 Oct 1939 and again returned to RAF Watton on 20 Oct 1939.

Detached from RAF Watton to RAF Horsham on 11 Dec 1939 and at this point have not flown any operations against enemy yet.

After RAF Horsham sent to RAF Bodney where arived April 1940 and operations are first flown from there.
On 26 June 1940 19 Aircrews fly their Blenheim MK IVs to the Airfield in Scotland RAF Lossiemouth to commence RAF Coastal Command Detachment there.
Surviving Aircrews return to 2 Group over period of 29/30 Oct 1940 whereupon they are based back at RAF Watton.

Operated from RAF Watton until 27 May 1941, then commenced move to RAF Lossiemouth and commenced operations as of 30 May 1941 undertaking another RAF Coastal Command Detachment.
Started return move back to 2 Group and RAF Watton on 14 June 1941 and resumed ops from there as of 16 June 1941.

Small Sqd Detachment sent to join RAF Middle East based at Luqa in Malta in May 1941 operating independently of main sqd.

Detached to RAF Manston and RAF Fighter Command 17 July 1941 through to 25 July 1941 for 'Circus' Daylight Operations before returning back to RAF Watton.

On 5 Sept 1941 once more detached to RAF Coastal Command to operate from RAF Lossiemouth, with move to new base completed by 9 Sept 1941.
Returned back to 2 Group and RAF Watton on 20 Sept 1941.

Moved Overseas to join up with Detachment already operating out of Luqa in Malta, sqd ariving there in late Dec 1941.
Sqd Departed Malta bound for DAF (Desert AF) Service in North Africa on 21 Feb 1942.

Disbanded 14 March 1942 North Africa.

Reformed UK in 2 RAF Group RAF Bomber Command on 14 March 1942 at RAF Bodney.

Blenheim MK Is Operated by Sqd

28 Sept 1938 based at RAF Eastchurch
17 MK I Blenheims
S/N L1268 - L1282 and L1347 and L1349

3 Sept 1939 based at Various RAF Airfields due to RAF 'Scatter order' being given (see above).

MK I
K7156, L1345, L1347, L1350, L1351, L1352, L1353, L1354, L1355, L1359, L1362, L1363, L1365, L1366, L1367, L1369, L1370, L1441, L1442, L8377, L8379, L8437, L8438 and L8439.

1940 yil 30 -avgust
Based at RAF Lossiemouth
MK IV and MK I
20 Blenheims
MK I
L1441
MK IV
L8737, L8745, L8758, L9029, N3564, N3538, N3584, N3618,
P6954, R3636, R3675, R3687, R3755, R3758, R3760, R3761, R3875, R3900 and T1878.

1941 yil aprel
Based at RAF Watton
22 Blenheims including 1 MK I for Training Purposes only.
MK I
L1441
MK IV
L8758, N3538, N3584, P6954, R2784, R3599, R3758, R3761,
R3875, T1814, T1878, V5580, V5825, V5853, V5874, V6025, V6029, V6031, V6073, V6075 and Z5875.

12 Feb 1942
reduced due to moves etc
Blenheim MK IV
V5503, V6028, V6178, Z7427 and Z9812.

THAT SHOULD GIVE YOU ENOUGH TO GET THE RIGHT SN NUMBERS FOR YOUR OTHERWISE EXCELLENT PROFILE.
LET ME KNOW IF I CAN HELP MORE.
INFO IS FROM
2 RAF Group
A Comprehensive History 1936-1945
tomonidan
Michael JF Bowyer


Blenheim bristol

Bristol Blenheim byl britský dvoumotorový letoun původně sestrojený jako lehký bombardér, za druhé světové války však užíván i jako noční stíhací a bitevní (v modifikaci Blenheim IF a Blenheim IVF menší množství letounů bylo pro tuto službu dodatečně modifikováno) It's also opposite to Bristol Bus Station, so getting round the city is easy. Why choose Blenheim Court? Feel part of the buzz of the city - vibrant Stokes Croft is minutes away, where indie shops, eateries, galleries and clubs thrive. You're right by the mainstream shopping and leisure districts too - great for part-time work opportunities Bristol Blenheim Mk.IV bombardovací letoun DD.MM.1939-DD.MM.1944 séri

Bilan Blenheim, Bristol further refined the 603, in particular modernising the mechanicals of the car through the introduction of multi-port fuel injection, which improved both performance and fuel consumption. Turbocharging was no longer available, but the Blenheim Series 1 still had the same level of performance as the Brigand The Bristol Blenheim was a light bomber used by the Royal Air Force during the opening years of World War II.One of the first modern bombers in the RAF's inventory, it conducted the first British air attacks of the conflict, but soon proved highly vulnerable to German fighters Today's business environment is complex, fast-moving and highly competitive. To make the most of your opportunity, as business owners and directors you need accounting partners who are pro-active, experienced and dependable Bristol Blenheim mkI. The Bristol Blenheim was originally designed as an executive transport. The nose of the mark I was redesigned on later marks due the distance the wind screen was from the pilots head meant that it was difficult to see out unless the wind screen was absolutely clean

BRISTOL BLENHEIM MK. IF, 1/48 AIRFIX, NÁHLED DO KRABIČKY. Publikováno 26.11.2018, autor: Redakce. Jako první budou Britové mít v nejbližších dnech možnost pořídit si novinku od firmy Airfix - čtvrtkový model Bristolu Blenheim Mk.IF. Po dvou vydaných dvaasedmdesátinách Airfix potěšil i příznivce měřítka 1/48 The Bristol Blenheim was a British light bomber aircraft designed and built by the Bristol Aeroplane Company that was used extensively in the early days of the Second World War.. It was adapted as an interim long-range and night fighter, pending the availability of the Beaufighter.It was one of the first British aircraft to have all-metal stressed-skin construction, to utilise retractable. The Bristol Blenheim was a British twin-engine long-range light bomber/reconnaissance aircraft used extensively by the Royal Air Force during the early stages of the Second World War. The Blenheim was originally conceived as a civil twin-engine light transport aircraft by Frank Barnwell, Chief Designer at the Bristol Aeroplane Company

  1. utes. And with the main bus station across the road, UWE is easily accessible too
  2. Airfix - Bristol Blenheim Mk.IF, Classic Kit A09186, 1/48 Skladem (5 ks) Značka: Airfix 1 259,01 K
  3. Most of the Blenheim Bristol bombers were serving in the Middle and Far East, home squadrons of the RAF having already begun to re-equip with the Mk IV. A revised asymmetric nose was adopted for production in the speedy Mk IV, which later acquired a fighter gun pack (IVF) or a manual rear-firing chin gun (IVL), finally having a two-gun chin turret
  4. 1994 Blenheim development car. In running order but would benefit from full under body inspection and a general check over. The Blenheim was developed from the preceeding model, the Bristol 603 and had a 4 speed automatic gearbox as standard, and full engine management including emission controls
  5. Video and Audio content is Copyright © 2017 Malcolm Auld This video and audio material may not be used in any form without written permission. Please help to..

Blenheim Court - Accommodation UWE Bristol

  1. Bristol Blenheim Mk1 The Bristol Blenheim is a truly unique aircraft and was a milestone in the history of British aviation as the first stressed skin aeroplane accepted by the RAF. It bore the brunt of the early war bombing effort and its crews paid a heavy price defending the nation, Winston Churchill paid homage to their bravery comparing.
  2. The aims of the Blenheim Society are: To record the history of Blenheim aircraft and crews in RAF service.• To raise funds and offer expertise to assist in restoring to flying condition the Blenheim (Duxford) Limited's Bristol Blenheim.• To arrange reunions and other events for Blenheim veterans and others with a common interest
  3. Blenheim Duxford Ltd., was formed and took over the responsibility for the aircraft, and it was decided to repair the aircraft representing a Mk IF, L6739 YP-Q, of 23 Squadron, using the nose rescued by Ralph Nelson. Ralph Nelson (a Bristol employee) and the Blenheim Mk I nose which he converted into an electric car
  4. Before joining Blenheims, she worked in a variety of marketing roles, giving her a wide range of experience in the area. Her current position sees her having responsibility for HR and our Bristol office, while also taking care of the company's marketing and online activity
  5. Bristol Blenheim Image Gallery : A plan had been developed in 1938 which would have seen 50 Blenheim IV aircraft produced in Australia for the RAAF and the A8 series of serials was allotted for this purpose. Shortly thereafter, the Australian Government invited a British Air Mission to discuss the defence needs of Australia and Singapore..

Bristol Blenheim Mk

  • The demise of the Blenheim series in 2009 brought the story of Bristol Cars to a temporary pause, although it is hard not to feel that the momentum behind the ideal of producing practical, hand-made luxury conveyances that could be endlessly improved and repaired (rather than thrown away) died with Tony Crook
  • Bristol Blenheim (603 S4) Bristol Blenheim je model od roku 1994. Délka: 4,87 m Šířka: 1,765 m Výška: 1,441 m Rozvor nápra: 2,89 m Hmotnost: 1784 kg 0-60 mph: 6,1 s Cena: 4.461.583 Kč Odkazy Literatura. Christopher Balfour: Bristol Cars. A very British story, 2009.
  • BRISTOLBLENHEIM The Yugoslav Story Operational record 1937 - 1958 Aleksandar M. Ognjević Beograd, 2014. Tvrd povez, veliki format 22cm x 29cm Engleski jezik, 160 strana Bogato ilustrovano 223 fotografije 32 kolor crteža avion

ARCo's Blenheim is one of the rarest historic aircraft flying in the world - the sole surviving airworthy example of an historically important aeroplane, and a unique Mk.I variant no less - and the level of care and maintenance afforded to the aircraft and its two rare Bristol Mercury XX engines is commensurate to its rarity The Bristol Blenheim is a truly unique aircraft and was a milestone in the history of British aviation as the first stressed skin aeroplane accepted by the RAF. It bore the brunt of the early war bombing effort and its crews paid a heavy price defending the nation, Winston Churchill paid homage to their bravery comparing them to the 'Charge. Bristol Blenheim Mk IF heavy fighters. Soon after this picture was taken they acquired the world's first airborne radar and operated mainly at night. Blenheim night fighter of Max Aitken, commander of RAF No 68 squadron, like early 1941 The Bristol Blenheim Mk.I is a truly unique British aircraft. As a type the aircrafts history is long and formative and an important milestone in the history of British aviation. Designed as a small airliner in the early 1930s by Frank Barnwell, Chief Designer of the Bristol Aircraft Company, it was funded by Lord Rothermere who named it. Blenheim Scouts Welcome to the Blenheim Scout Group website, we hope you like our new look and you are able to find the information you are looking for. As a Scout Group we offer a wide, exciting and varied program of activities and training at national qualification standards to all ages and abilities both within the group and the local.

The Bristol Blenheim was introduced to the UK market in September 1993, replacing both previous models, the Brigand and Britannia. Significant upgrades included fuel injection,full computer controlled engine management, and a four speed automatic gearbox. This example shows a mileage (to be confirmed) of 75400 and has. The Bristol Blenheim originally was constructed as a private venture. The Bristol Aeroplane Company in 1934 was ordered to construct a high speed six to eight seater twin engined aircraft by a Lord Rothermere as a civil aircraft. It was a low wing all metal monoplane and in 1935 it managed 307mph at 14,000 feet, had excellent flying. Bristol Blenheim byl britský letoun původně sestrojený jako lehký bombardér, za druhé světové války však užíván i jako noční stíhací a bitevní (v modifikaci Blenheim IF a Blenhleim IVF menší množství letounů bylo pro tuto službu dodatečně modifikováno) Bristol Blenheim Bomber. Blenhiem Bombers Mks l and lV - RAF Church Fenton The Bristol Blenheim was a versatile fighter or bomber depending on its configuration.When it was introduced it was faster than the RAF's fighters, but by 1941 was obsolete and suffering severe losses. It had a crew of 3 pilot, observer (who navigated and dropped the bombs), and gunner / wireless operator

Bristol Type 603 - Wikipedi

A rare color image of a Finnish Air Force Blenheim Mk.I coming in for a landing on Luonetjärvi Airfield, March 1944. (photo via Wikipedia) The world's only surviving complete, British-built Bristol Blenheim Mk.IV at the Central Finish Aviation Museum - note how different the forward fuselage of the Mk.IV is to the Mk.I. (photo via Wikipedia The Blenheim Mk.IV was introduced as an upgraded model and featured 2 x Bristol Mercury XV radial piston engines of 905 horsepower each as well as the definitive lengthened, stepped nose section. The 7.7mm machine gun in the port side wing was retained but two 7.7mm machine guns now adorned the dorsal turret Bristol Blenheim byl britský letoun původně sestrojený jako lehký bombardér, za druhé světové války však užíván i jako noční stíhací a bitevní (v modifikaci Blenheim IF a Blenhleim IVF menší množství letounů bylo pro tuto službu dodatečně modifikováno). Počátky vývoje letadla Bristol Blenheim spadají do roku 1934

Bristol Blenheim in World War II - ThoughtC

Bristol Blenheim Mk.IF / 1:48 / Velká Británie / Druhá světová válka / Vojenské / Letadla / Plastikové modely Bristol Blenheim III: Projected variant of Bristol Blenheim I with Bristol Blenheim Mk IV long nose but without extra fuel tankage of Mk IV. Bristol Blenheim IV: Contracts for 312 with Bristol in 1937-38, plus 750 built by Avro at Chadderton and 2,060 by Rootes Securities at Speke and Blythe Bridge. Two 920 hp Mercury XV engines

. Varianty modelu Bristol Blenheim Bristol Blenheim | Limuzína (1998 - X72-203 Bristol Blenheim Mk I/Mk If/Mk IV Part 2 X72-215 Bristol Blenheim and Bolingbroke Mk IV/Mk IVf RAF and Overseas Operators Buy loads and build them, as you will not regret it - I didn't! Shopping Cart. items: 0 total: £0.00. Cart. currency. Secure Online Shopping

Home - Blenheim Accountin

Bristol Blenheim Tiskový magnát Rothermere požádal společnost Bristol, aby mu postavila rychlé, výkonné letadlo, které by uvezlo pilota a šest pasažérů a létalo by rychlostí 380 km/h, tedy rychleji, než v r. 1934 dokázala kterákoliv stíhačka RAF Blenheim Court Bristol is directly opposite the main bus station giving you quick and easy access to UWE. You can also walk to the BIMM Institute within 5 minutes and the University of Bristol campus is a 10 minute walk away. The area is bursting with life and in the immediate locale there are shops, restaurants, bars, supermarkets and gyms.. Bristol-Blenheim / Modelářský obchod - Modelářství - Super-Hobby.com - Modelářské potřeby, modely k lepení, plastové modely, modelářské nářadí a modelářská chemie, literatura

200+ Bristol Blenheim ideas in 2020 bristol blenheim

  1. Aircraft of Fighter Command on display for the press at Grangemouth in Scotland, 25 April 1941. In the foreground is a Hawker Hurricane Mk I of No. 315 (Polish) Squadron in the background a Bristol Blenheim M H9179.jpg 2,452 × 1,772 1,023 K
  2. Bristol Fairchild Bolingbroke IV-T (10001) [@ RAF Hendon] The final British built version of the Blenheim was the Bristol Mercury XV or XXV radial powered Mk V, of which 942 were produced during 1942, mostly the VD tropical version for service in North Africa
  3. 1:72 Bristol Blenheim Mk.IV - Bristol Blenheim byl britský lehký dvoumotorový bombardér z období 2. světové války. Některé modifikované verze, označované jako Blenheim Mk.IF a Blenhleim Mk.IVF, se používaly roli nočních stíhačů či bitevníků
  4. Bristol Blenheim (6) hodnotit. Bristol je klasická britská značka, která dodnes vyrábí své modely pouze ručně. Tím si zajišťuje svoji exkluzivitu. Výroba jednoho automobilu trvá zhruba třikrát až čtyřikrát déle než výroba jiného luxusního automobilu. To se pochopitelně promítne na jeho konečné ceně, ale také to.

Rome2rio makes travelling from Bristol to Blenheim Palace easy. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. Find all the transport options for your trip from Bristol to Blenheim Palace right here. Rome2rio displays up to date schedules, route maps, journey times and.

Audi vylepšuje modely e-tron nabíjením střídavým proudem o výkonu 22 kW a zvýšením jízdního komfort Image by David Whitworth. As reported by Global Aviation Resource, on May 30th at Imperial War Museum Duxford the Aircraft Restoration Company's Bristol Blenheim appeared in public as a complete aircraft for the first time since its long-term rebuild began in the summer of 2003.. ARCo recovered their first Blenheim from Canada in the 1970s (RCAF serial 10038) en At first using the Bristol Blenheim and Fairey Battle, it converted to the Hawker Hurricane in February 1940. WikiMatrix cs Zpočátku užívala především letouny Bristol Blenheim a Fairey Battle, ale v únoru 1940 přešla na typ Hawker Hurricane

Bristol Blenheim Mk

cs Zpočátku užívala především letouny Bristol Blenheim a Fairey Battle, ale v únoru 1940 přešla na typ Hawker Hurricane. WikiMatrix en At first using the Bristol Blenheim and Fairey Battle, it converted to the Hawker Hurricane in February 1940 Klíč na Bristol Blenheim za nejlepší cenu. Sháníte klíč na Bristol Blenheim? Autopes zašle přesně mířenou poptávku nejlepším prodejcům nových náhradních dílů na Bristol Blenheim a v případě zájmu i o použitý klíč Bristol Blenheim také vrakovištím za Vás. Prodejci kteří nový či použitý klíč na Bristol Blenheim mají, Vás budou kontaktovat


Videoni tomosha qiling: Bristol Blenheim (Yanvar 2022).